Ramanathapuram District was formed by clubbing portions from Madurai and Tirunelveli districts. It is an administrative district of Tamil Nadu. The district headquarters is located at the town of Ramanathapuram.
The district is bounded by Sivagangai District on the north, Pudukottai District on the northeast, Virudhunagar District in the northwest, Gulf Of Mannar on the south, Palk Strait on the east and Thoothukudi District on the west.
Ramanathapuram is also referred to as Mugavai meaning ‘face’ in Tamil, the reason being that River Vaigai ends its journey in the district in Palk Strait.
The district is the top producer of chili pepper in Tamil Nadu.